Learn how to identify sensory seeking symptoms, a subtype of Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), that results in craving stimulation and what can appear to be vestibular dysfunction. Children with sensory modulation disorder, a category of SPD, may show signs of overresponsivity, underresponsivity or seeking of environmental stimuli.
My son is one of the biggest sensory seekers as a young child and still is to this day! He used to run and run in circles and somehow never got dizzy. He would also constantly touch everything in sight. It was exhausting!! There was a point in time that we thought maybe this was just typical boy behavior. However, when it got to the point of interfering with daily functioning, we knew there was something more going on. This combined with unusually severe tantrums and a speech delay forced us to look for answers. With an occupational therapist's help we have really gotten a handle on some of his challenges that come with having SPD. Life has been much easier since, but there are some things that will always be a struggle.
You may notice a child with symptoms has had problems sleeping since he/she was a baby. This can be contributed to poor self regulation from SPD. Naps may be unusually long or non-existent even if he/she is exhausted. Sleep difficulties do not necessarily indicate a Sensory Modulation Disorder, but often occur when a child does have SPD. My oldest son had terrible sleep problems as a young child. Luckily, this is no longer an issue, but it was only after using sensory integration techniques.
There may also be difficulties getting a child to focus on tasks or keep their hands from touching things that other children learn not to touch. Constant movement and excessive talking are also most likely very prominent. This is often why it can lead to an ADHD misdiagnosis.
Other symptoms include:
• Splashing in mud, seeking dirty types of play
• Dumping toy bins rummaging through them aimlessly
• Chewing on inedible objects or shirt collar
• Rubbing against walls or furniture and bumping into people
• Loves spinning in circles, amusement rides, and is constantly moving
• Fidgets, has difficulty sitting still and takes bold risks
• Frequently wants bear hugs and vigorous playground activities
• Seeks visually stimulating screens, shiny objects, strobe lights, or sunlight – may want to watch endless TV or constantly play video games
• Loves loud noises, TV or music volume, crowds and places with lots of action
• Problems sleeping
• Enjoys strong odors, even unattractive ones
• May lick or taste inedible objects and prefers spicy or hot foods
• Frequently attempt to engage in rough play, such as wrestling
With all of the different disorders that exist these days, it can be hard to determine whether or not your child may just be going through a phase or actually have problems processing information. Especially, with many of the symptoms being very similar to ADHD symptoms, Autism, or even what used to be called Asperger Syndrome.
Getting your child evaluated by a wide array of professionals can be the first step in getting feedback about your child’s behavior and accurately portraying any possible sensory seeking symptoms. You may have your child evaluated by a pediatrician, occupational therapist, speech therapist, and/or developmental therapist. The good news is that we are constantly learning new information about the nervous system and how it affects behavior in order to properly recognize sensory processing disorders.
After my son was evaluated by an occupational therapist that concluded he has SPD sub-type sensory seeking, we explored a few SPD treatment options. These included putting him on a sensory diet, doing therapeutic listening and the wilbarger brushing protocol. Finally understanding some of the differences we had noticed in him, compared to other children his age, has been a huge blessing and relief.
All helped immensely with his sleep patterns, language processing, and activity levels. He is doing much better in school doing work independently, following directions, and demonstrating much more controlled fine motor skills. He still struggles with group work due to the noise and activity being too distracting for him, but we realize these things will always be a struggle to some extent. Many of the things we have also done to help him get to where he is now is outlined in my FREE eBOOK as shown below. I personally researched and discovered there are many underlying causes to sensory seeking behavior, such as artificial food coloring like red dye 40. I was surprised to discover artificial colorings are considered to be a neurotoxins and are actually illegal in Europe. Find out more about more
If you do suspect SPD, it is important to have your child evaluated by a professional with experience directly related to SPD or they may not notice or understand the disorder.
Some additional pages you may find helpful:
• Auditory Processing Disorder
• Vestibular Sense
• Proprioceptive Dysfunction
• Tactile Disorder
• Tactile Defensiveness with hypersensitivity to tactile stimuli
• Oral Defensiveness
• Sensory Seeking Olfactory
• Auditory Dysfunction
• Additional Symptoms of Sensory Disorders
1. Kranowitz, C. S. (2005). The Out-of-Sync Child: Recognizing and Coping with Sensory Processing Disorders. New York, NY: Penguin Group.